Biomechanics B - LEB


Biomedical Engineering

Curricular Unit (UC)

Biomechanics B

Mandatory  x
Scientific Area EB Category  

Course category: B - Basic; C - Core Engineering; E - Specialization; P - Complementary.

Year: 3rd Semester: 2nd ECTS: 5 Total Hours: 140
Contact Hours T: 22.5 TP: 45 PL: S: OT:2
Professor in charge

João Filipe de Almeida Milho

T - Lectures; TP - Theory and practice; PL - Lab Work; S - Seminar; OT - Tutorial Guidance.

  • Learning outcomes of the curricular unit:

    The aim of the curricular unit of Biomechanics is to convey to the students a set of knowledge and methodologies with which they are allowed to analyse the movement of biomechanical systems, in particular of the human body.

    The knowledge and methodologies are based on the theory of Classical Mechanics, in the experimental measurement of the movement kinematics and dynamics and computer simulation as a tool in support of the clinical diagnosis and development of biomedical devices.

    It is intended to develop skills of qualitative and quantitative analysis of human movement, anthropometric characteristics, kinematics and dynamics characterization of movement and modelling, simulation and computational analysis of biomechanical systems.

  • Syllabus:
    1. Biomechanics of human movement: Biomechanical models. Qualitative and quantitative analysis.
    2. Anthropometry: Density, mass and inertial properties. Direct experimental measurement. Muscle anthropometry.
    3. Kinematics: Conventions. Direct and imaging measurement technique. Kinematic data processing. Calculation of kinematic variables.
    4. Dynamics: Dynamic equilibrium equations. Force measurement techniques. Calculation of joint efforts.
    5. Computer simulation: Material databases and biomedical devices. Selection of materials for biomedical devices; its classification and fundamental properties. Computational simulation tools. Modelling, simulation and analysis of biomechanical systems.
  • Demonstration of the syllabus coherence with the curricular unit's objectives.

    The fundamental concepts of the syllabus are introduced in class and are based on real biomechanical systems (in particular the human body), allowing students to perceive both the qualitative aspects and quantitative aspects of human movement analysis, consistent with the objectives of the curricular unit.

  • Teaching methodologies (including evaluation):

    The teaching will be carried out through theoretical and practical lessons. It is intended that by reading the bibliography the student is introduced to each topic to discuss. More theoretical classes work with brief presentations on each theme, followed by practical examples, where the student is intended to consolidate the concepts studied. Theoretical and practical classes will be based on the resolution of exercises where students apply the knowledge acquired. In more complex cases or with greater graphics or mathematical demands will be made use of symbolic computation programs and computer simulation tools.

    The knowledge assessment is carried out in continuous assessment or final exam. The continuous assessment evaluation consists of a written test and a set of computational/laboratory work with contributions of 70% and 30%, respectively.

  • Demonstration of the coherence between the teaching methodologies and the learning outcomes

    On the teaching methodologies are used different methodologies that make it possible to achieve the objectives of the curricular unit. Depending on the characteristics of the concepts to transmitted, Theoretical and practical classes are used, which constitute a set to be harmonious, in order to enable students to understand the fundamental concepts associated with the syllabus. In theoretical and practical classes the potential of new multimedia systems, symbolic computation software and computational simulation is used.

  • Main Bibliography:
    • Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement, David Winter, Wiley 4e, 2009.
    • Research Methods in Biomechanics, Gordon Robertson, Graham Caldwell, Joseph Hamill, Gary Kamen, Saunders Whittleseym, Human Kinetics, 2nd edition, 2013.
    • Basic Biomechanics, S. Hall, McGraw-Hill, 2014.
    • Engineering Analysis with SolidWorks Simulation 2014, Paul Kurowski, SDC Publications.
    • Motion Simulation and Mechanism Design with SolidWorks Motion 2013, Kuang-Hua Chang, SDC Publications.