Human Anatomy | LEB


Biomedical Engineering

Curricular Unit (UC)

Human Anatomy

Mandatory  x
Scientific Area BS Category  

Course category: B - Basic; C - Core Engineering; E - Specialization; P - Complementary.

Year: 1st Semester: 1st ECTS: 5 Total Hours: 135
Contact Hours T: 45 TP: 22.5 PL: S: OT:2
Professor in charge

 António Ricardo

T - Lectures; TP - Theory and practice; PL - Lab Work; S - Seminar; OT - Tutorial Guidance.

  • Learning outcomes of the curricular unit

    The teaching method will be adapted to the course main goals.

    At the end of the discipline the student should be able to:

    Possess basic and essential knowledge of the morphology of the human body and various organs and systems, as well as understanding the importance of the relationship between anatomy and medical systems;

  • Introduction

    Virtual techniques for anatomy study

    Anatomy of medical imagiology.

    Imaging applicability to anatomy stud.

    Correlation with representation in space according to the system of cartesian axes.

    Atlas of Tailarach, Desikan Killiany and Destrieux.

    Locomotion anatomy; Osteology and Head arthrology, spine and chest and upper and lower limbs.

    Myology and mechanical action.

    Splanchnology; Breathing system; Digestive system; Urinary system; Male and female reproductive system.

    Angiology; Heart and great vessels; Arteries, Veins and lymphatics vessels.

    Neuroanatomy; Brain and cerebellum; Spinal cord and nerves; Connection tissues.

    Osteology; Morphology of the ear and eye.

  • Demonstration of the syllabus coherence with the curricular unit's objectives

    The discipline presents a systemic approach to the study of the human body.

    It begins with an introduction to anatomical terminology and with a sense of anatomical planes.

    In the following classes students will learn the gross anatomy of the following systems: integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems.

    The teaching resources use models, software, 2D and 3D images, skeleton parts and cadavers.

    The contents are in accordance with the objectives of the discipline and integrated into skills to be acquired, as it were designed to address and analyze in an integrated and systematic mode the morphology essential concepts.

    It includes the whole discipline analysis, allowing the student to understand the importance of essential anatomy in the application of virtual exploration techniques, laparoscopic, endoscopic, segmentation, sub-division and rendering.

    Supports a set of knowledge and additional questions relating to other disciplines.

  • Teaching methodologies

    Teaching methodologies:

    Lectures by the teacher of the type demonstration and explanation. Themes discussion. Mini-tests concerning the themes.


    The continuous theoretical assessment includes one written test (60%) and a work group (0%).

    Written exam (100%) – 1 written test.

    The minimum rating for the student to be considered approved is 10 values.

  • Demonstration of the coherence between the teaching methodologies and the learning outcomes

    The discipline success is based on the study of exposed themes through lessons illustrated with appropriate images and supplemented with artificial models.

    Learning anatomy associated to computing resources potentiates the learning process.

    The assessment mode was designed to evaluate the extension of the student knowledges.

    The contents and the teaching mode are tailored to the learning goals, according the engineering necessities at clinical environment.

  • Main Bibliography

    Seeley RR, Trent D, Stephens TD, Tate P. 2008. Anatomia & Fisiologia, 8a Edicao,


    Esperanca Pina JÁ. 2010. Anatomia Humana Dos Orgaos, 4a Edicao. Lidel.

    Esperanca Pina JÁ. 2010. Anatomia Humana da Relacao, 4a Edicao. Lidel.

    Esperanca Pina JA. 2010. Anatomia Humana da Locomocao, 4a Edicao. Lidel.

    Guyton AC, Hall, JE. 2006. Textbook of Medical Physiology, 11a Edicao. W.B. Saunders


    TALAIRACH J; TOURNOUX P. Co-Planar Stereotaxic Atlas of the Human Brain 3D Proportinal System: an approach to cerebral imaging. New York: Ed Thieme,


    Kretschmann H and Weinrich W. 1998, Neurofunctional Systems: 3D reconstructions with

    correlated neurimaging. Thieme.

    Neurovia - International Neuroimaging Consortium. 2006, Talairach Atlas.

    Lancaster JL, Summerln JL, Rainey L., Freitas CS, Fox PT. 1997, The

    Talairach D, a database server for Talairach Atlas Labels. Neuroimage 5(4):S633.


    Marr D. 1982, VISION: A computational Investigation into the Human Representation and

    Processing of Visual Information. MIT, W. H. Freeman and Company.

    Nichols B. et al. Neuroanatomical domain of the foundational model of anatomy ontology.

    J of Biomedical Semantics 2014, 5:1.